Asia-Pacific

The US needs TPP as much as TPP needs the US

Abandoning TPP by the US, which seems increasingly likely after the victory of Donald Trump in the US presidential elections in November, will be a huge blow to American economic interests abroad and a golden opportunity for China to wield greater influence in the Asia-Pacific. President-elect Trump needs to rethink his campaign promises and embrace a more liberal foreign economic policy agenda both for the sake of America and the world. View
 

Enhancing NATO Cohesion: A Framework for 21st Century Solidarity

Memo 52: A diverse set of policies is needed to unify a diverse set of peoples against a diverse set of threats. NATO should reorganize itself, develop a shared clean-energy grid and strengthen links between different national publics. View
 

China vs US or China vs Law: How Europe Can Make the Difference

Terrorism, a belligerent Russia, and the refugee crisis are no excuses for Europe forgetting its international duties, like the preservation of the rules-based world order. The EU must affirm its commitment to international law by supporting the Permanent Court of Arbitration's ruling that China has no claim to expanded control of the South China Sea. The EU and the international community can show that this conflict is not China vs USA, but China vs international law. View
 

Future-Proofing NATO: A Forthcoming Decade of Change

Memo 50: NATO must adopt hybrid models of national defense, coordinate efforts on economic and electronic warfare, and secure its space-based infrastructure. The Alliance should also establish a partnership with China and strengthen its presence in the Arctic. View
 

A Holistic Approach to Defeating the Islamic State

NATO and its allies are insufficiently addressing the Islamic State, which will significantly backlash in the next 10 years. In order to sufficiently tackle this huge threat, we need a more comprehensive approach that addresses not only the Islamic State, in Iraq and Syria, but worldwide. The key to a successful strategy lies in a holistic two-fold approach – using special forces and the establishment of non-democratic governments. View
 

Shaping our NATO: Young Voices on the Warsaw Summit 2016

Our new policy workshop competition gives students and recent graduates the opportunity to reflect on the most pressing issues facing NATO today and to shape the future of the Alliance. Five winners will receive a trip to Berlin to present the collective ideas to decision-makers. View
 

The Implications of TPP for TTIP

Given the discriminative nature of the TPP on non-participants, the signing of the agreement on February 4, 2016 will augment pressure on the EU to accelerate their own path to finalizing a transatlantic trade deal. Notwithstanding the strong opposition to the TTIP, negotiations are poised to produce an ambitious deal in line with US preferences and allow the EU to consolidate its leading position within global markets thereby reducing the potential pernicious effects of TPP. View
 

The Munich Consensus and the Purpose of German Power

The Munich consensus has not radically transformed German foreign policy, but it has started an evolution. Germany is showing signs of strategic leadership in the international sphere. It must now reflect carefully about the preconditions for its economic wealth and act to reform the liberal international order in such a way that this liberal order can be sustained without disruption by major-power conflict. View
 

Political Risks Threaten the Global Economy

Political risks have increased in recent years, while policy makers, including central banks, have less power to mitigate those risks. Global stock prices, however, do not reflect these developments as the markets have been distracted by cheap and abundant liquidity. "Great Power Sclerosis" and the weakness of Pax Americana have created a vacuum in global governance. The bank Citi raises awareness about the "new convergence between geopolitical and vox populi risks". View
 

TPP Completed, on to TTIP?

The new TPP and TTIP agreements are the greatest deepening OECD has ever seen. True, they deepen it in two halves, one Atlantic, one Pacific; this is because some of the socio-cultural issues are different, and it enables the inclusion of several non-OECD allies from the diverse Pacific region, laying grounds for a further OECD widening when some of these countries become socioeconomically ripe. The two agreements could nevertheless be fruitfully linked later on. View
 

Where is Our Responsibility to Protect the North Korean People?

The international legal principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) provides innovative solutions to protecting victims of mass atrocities, such as the North Korean people, so long as its scope of protection is broadened beyond traditional forms of military intervention. However, so far the R2P principle has not been sufficiently applied to the humanitarian problems North Koreans are facing. R2P must be engaged with and applied on its non-military pillars of prevention and re-building. View
 

TPA and Inherent Discrimination Drive US Regional Trade Agreements

The Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) was enacted for the completion of a US-backed ambitious regional trade pact with 11 countries in the Asia-Pacific. The TPA grants the US President the power to negotiate trade agreements, limiting Congress to vote only up or down on them. This proposed Transpacific Partnership (TPP) puts pressure on countries to join or face greater costs from being left out. These two factors,TPA and the costs of not joining, are what make US Regional Trade Agreements pass. View
 

The EU's Peter Pan Syndrome

The EU's refusal of Indian Prime Minister Modi's request for a summit level meeting in Brussels has damaged the relationship between India and the EU. If the EU hopes to build upon its strategic partnership with Modi's reform minded government, it must stop treating the relationship as being of secondary importance. To convince New Delhi of its commitment to their continued partnership, Brussels should seek out high level talks and be more receptive to Indian interests. View
 

The Long-term Advantages in the US Pivot to Asia

China's fiscal overhaul towards a consumerism-based economy presents the US with an opportunity to boost economic growth through an export-led market directed towards Chinese domestic consumerism. However, mutual distrust currently hinders a cooperative economic policy, which would concurrently benefit both countries. In order to establish a stable economic relationship with China, the US must initiate a liberal and transparent network of economic policies directed towards improving US-Sino relations. View
 

Divided They Stood

The “Umbrella Revolution” in Hong Kong became popular through media-winsome pictures of civil disobedience against both the Hong Kong government and China’s perceived supremacy. Protests in 2014 have exposed the city’s split in terms of future of business and governance. It may appear as Tiananmen revisited—it was rather a conflict about Hong Kong’s identity and “Occupy Central’s” credibility. View
 

Germany: The Economic Perils of More Arms Exports

The consensus in Germany is wrong. Arms exports do not ensure employment and preserve technological capabilities. Fact is that in today's buyers market such exports lead to technology transfer, create tomorrow's competition and destroy the arms industry's own basis. Instead of promoting arms export, the EU governments should consolidate the European arms industry to reduce excess supply and increase joint military procurement and resource-pooling. View
 

Security Implications for East Asia Post-Crimea

Many have sought to link the Ukraine crisis to the security situation in East Asia. Voices have been heard warning that China might follow suit in local territorial disputes, while others argue that due to its own internal problems it will stay quiet. But due to China's favorable present global position, it can still balance verbal support of sovereignty and nonviolent solutions outside East Asia while remaining assertive in the region. It is thus unlikely to change its regional posture in the near future View
 

Will the Dragon Follow the Bear?

Putin's tactics have caused a crisis in the European security order and could be copied by rising powers in Asia dissatisfied with their neighborhood's geopolitical status quo. Beijing could cite Ukraine as a precedent for settling border disputes with force. China does not yet feel it is in its national interest to openly defy America's arrangements in East Asia, yet it is confident enough to openly harass and intimidate its regional neighbors when it feels they threaten Chinese interests. View
 

North Korea: Change on the Horizon?

Whether it be accusations of an ongoing political purge, or the detention of foreign nationals, the behavior of the North Korean government is, if and when it is made public, sure to capture the world's attention. Based on my visit to North Korea in late 2013, I believe that a shift in the political direction initiated by Pyongyang is likely. Kim Jung Un is attempting to restructure and modernize the country. There is also the possibility of renewed nuclear talks and there are signs of more cordial relations with Seoul. View
 

Europe's Other Deficit

Europe is suffering from a defense deficit, as evidenced by the European military action in Libya and Mali. This is a result of Europe's complacent Kantian worldview. Sadly, as recent tensions in Asia demonstrate, the world is a dangerous place. With America's declining willingness to protect the international world order, Europe must do more to boost its military capabilities by realizing the necessity for a more cooperative and specialized structure. View
 

Towards a Zero Footprint Camp

Quite apart from cost, the energy dependence of the armed forces has an impact on operational effectiveness. Alliance operations involve an increasingly complex and costly logistical organisation. Transporting large quantities of fuel also creates risks to the safety of the soldiers. Reducing the energy footprint of operations is a priority. NATO and individual Allies are working on alternative energy sources and developing multinational ‘smart energy’ projects. View
 

Japan's Militarization Would Threaten Regional Security

With Japan's LDP now having a majority in both houses, Prime Minister Abe is better poised to amend both Article 9 and 96 of the constitution. Doing so would reduce the threshold needed for a majority in both houses and allow the right to collective self-defense. While territorial disputes with China, Russia, and South Korea might seem like cause for defensive measure, an increase in Japan's military capacity would more likely exacerbate regional security dilemmas. View
 

Why Partners Matter: Four Foreign Ministers Explain

NATO has been taking advantage of partnerships since the 1990s. But now with security challenges becoming increasingly diverse, is this the moment when partnerships have become more important than ever? NATO Review asked four past and present foreign ministers of Italy, the Slovak Republic, the Czech Republic and FYROM to explain why partners have a key role in security, where they can help, and what the partners get out of their involvement. View
 

The World Weighs in on Burmese President Thein Sein's Visit to Washington

President Thein Sein of Burma made history on Monday by being the first Burmese head of state to be invited to Washington in 47 years. Yet, as Western governments try to encourage the country's recent democratic reforms, many argue that these are only fragile and superficial advances. The international press voiced its concerns and recommendations this week regarding the US’s openness to this strategically important Southeast Asian nation. View
 

The World Braces Itself As North Korea Flexes Its Muscles

Since the beginning of 2013, North Korea has successfully carried out three nuclear tests and has launched a satellite into orbit. Although the rogue nation has a history of threats and provocative actions, there is growing concern in the transatlantic community, especially in the United States, over what North Korea can and will do. While some suggest that Kim Jong-un, North Korea’s young new leader, is simply trying to assert control over his country, others argue that we should take the threats at face value. View
 

South Korea: NATO's Asian Pivot

North Korea's continuous threats and belligerent actions towards South Korea, a NATO partner and a valuable contributor to operations globally, should be a core concern to NATO as the South Korea's security is entwined with that of the United States and the global economy. As North Korea continues to assert its military might on the peninsula and beyond, NATO member states should think about providing relevant military aid to the region, including airborne intelligence. View
 

Canada Needs to Also Make the Pivot To Asia

Canada has been slow to recognize the importance of developing strong economic and political relations with Southeast Asian nations. Unlike the US, Canada did not attend the most recent ASEAN Summit, sending a signal of indifference to the region. Canada must begin to lay the foundation for a comprehensive political and economic partnerships with Southeast Asian nations in areas, such as tourism, education, technology, and immigration. View
 

Mind the Gap: Smart Defense and External Alliances Needed

As the United States shifts its foreign policy agenda toward Asia, vital steps are required to ensure that the security and the stability of the transatlantic area are not compromised. This will require a strengthening of NATO's Smart Defense plan and interoperability. In addition, there will need to be increased military cooperation with unconventional NATO allies, such as Jordan and the United Arab Emirates, as seen in NATO's intervention in Libya in 2011. View
 

Top Ten Issues on the Transatlantic Agenda

What issues do you think will prove important in transatlantic relations this year? In this article, the editorial team presents our top ten topics for 2013. We identify what we think the big issues for 2013 might be, as well as where potential for transatlantic and global cooperation might lie. These ten topics will form the inspiration for some of our theme weeks and competitions over the coming months, so make sure to let us know what interests you. View
 

Conflicting Allegiances: NATO, EU or Sovereignty?

Recent activity by the EU High Representative and Secretary General of NATO reflect the surge of interest in the Asia-Pacific. However, the extent of NATO and EU strategic involvement in the region is dependent upon a group of 21 European states that are members of both institutions. View
 

Divided We Fall: The Case of ASEAN

The unprecedented disunity within ASEAN can be attributed to both internal and external factors. With rising tensions between China and the Philippines, and neighboring states picking one side or the other, the emerging US-Chinese rivalry for regional influence further threatens the institutional cohesion and economic collaboration of ASEAN. View