Energy Security

The White Stream Pipeline Project: Transcaspian Energy for the European Union

White Stream is a proposed pipeline network designed to transfer natural gas from Azerbaijan to Europe through Georgia and Ukraine. Eastern members of the European Union should consider pursuing the full development of the White Stream pipeline network as an alternative to Russian natural gas imports. View

How Germany and the United States Can Strengthen Cooperation

“Federal governments should no longer be viewed as the sole source for action and solutions both because of the current administration in the US and a continued power shift towards NGOs and local actors. Engagement at the subnational level is ever more critical.” This is one of the key conclusions from the first “Atlantic Expedition”. View

Alternative Pipeline Facts

According to the Commission the EU remains well on track to reach its 2020 targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, energy efficiency and renewables. It is, however, high time the European Commission lives up to its responsibility as guardian of the Treaties and provides for an encompassing assessment of the implications of Nord Stream 2 in legal, environmental and economic terms. Nord Stream 2 is 100% controlled by Gazprom View

Enhancing NATO Cohesion: A Framework for 21st Century Solidarity

Memo 52: A diverse set of policies is needed to unify a diverse set of peoples against a diverse set of threats. NATO should reorganize itself, develop a shared clean-energy grid and strengthen links between different national publics. View

Future-Proofing NATO: A Forthcoming Decade of Change

Memo 50: NATO must adopt hybrid models of national defense, coordinate efforts on economic and electronic warfare, and secure its space-based infrastructure. The Alliance should also establish a partnership with China and strengthen its presence in the Arctic. View

Shortfalls in Electronic Warfare Pose a Danger to NATO

Russia has demonstrated a tendency to destabilize neighboring countries as they near membership to both the EU and NATO. As EU enlargement progresses, this trend may well result in other border countries, such as energy rival Azerbaijan, being destabilized. Considering that current NATO electronic warfare capability is inferior to that of Russia, the Alliance must reduce this shortfall in order to ensure both regional stability, and the safety of NATO forces and future allies. View

Shaping our NATO: Young Voices on the Warsaw Summit 2016

Our new policy workshop competition gives students and recent graduates the opportunity to reflect on the most pressing issues facing NATO today and to shape the future of the Alliance. Five winners will receive a trip to Berlin to present the collective ideas to decision-makers. View

Bibliography on NATO: Some Guidance for Getting Started

As a think-thank comprised mainly of Political Science students, we are keenly aware of the endless activities that foment procrastination when writing an article. In order to get the proverbial mental ball rolling for the "Shaping our NATO" competition, we have compiled some recent publications regarding NATO. These articles range from introductory texts to more area-focused and technical papers. View

Political Risks Threaten the Global Economy

Political risks have increased in recent years, while policy makers, including central banks, have less power to mitigate those risks. Global stock prices, however, do not reflect these developments as the markets have been distracted by cheap and abundant liquidity. "Great Power Sclerosis" and the weakness of Pax Americana have created a vacuum in global governance. The bank Citi raises awareness about the "new convergence between geopolitical and vox populi risks". View

Transatlantic Energy Plan Crucial For Tackling Climate Change

The European Union and United States have an opportunity to formulate a cohesive climate policy at the UN Climate Summit that could vastly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. Presently, the Obama Administration and the European Commission contain both the political will and resources to implement a shift towards renewable energy technologies. This could yield a systematic divestment from fossil fuels, particularly crude oil, but this may not be enough. View

West Should Respond to Russian Militarization of the Arctic

While Western nations tend to view the Arctic as the "Global Commons," an increasingly unpredictable and desperate Russia seems to think differently. As Moscow begins military exercises in the region, the West should be wary of what might be next. From threats of full militarization to oil exploitation, the potential environmental and security risks are not to be underestimated. View

Another Reset? The Iran Nuclear Deal and Its Consequences for NATO

The recent nuclear agreement with Iran has consequences not only for the Middle East, but also for Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The deal changes the energy landscape and offers a chance to break free from the Russian near monopoly on natural gas supplies for this region, but Russian help in shepherding the agreement may prompt President Obama to cooperate with Moscow on other security issues. However, the price for such cooperation may require sacrificing interests of America’s regional allies. View

Towards a European Energy Union

The European Union needs to diversify its energy dependency. Since the renewal of Russian aggression, it is less safe to rely on imported Russian energy and less advisable to negotiate with Moscow unilaterally. The creation of an Energy Union could help to solve these problems and be an opportunity for the EU to make further progress on other energy goals. There are obstacles that will make this process difficult, but the opportunity should not be overlooked. View

Book Review: "Want, Waste, or War?"

The authors of this book, Philip Andrews-Speed et al., present a compelling case for taking a resource nexus approach in analyzing global resource use by considering the interconnectedness among natural resources. This approach helps to understand the potential implications across regions. Without a fairer and more effective approach to resource governance, risks for increased waste, want and war will likely become more pressing in the future. View

How to Save TTIP

Memo 48: The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) has the potential to rejuvenate a historic alliance, but also faces strong opposition fueled by mistrust. In order to raise the level of debate and increase public support for TTIP, the US, the EU and its member states should increase transparency, reform or remove the investor-state dispute settlement mechanism and stress the geostrategic benefits. View

Expert Q&A: What is the Best Strategy to Decrease EU Energy Dependence on Russia?

The Ukraine crisis highlighted the problems associated with EU dependence on Russian gas, and greater EU energy independence is now a high priority for decision-makers. In our second "Expert Q&A," we posed this question to 3 energy and EU policy experts: What is the most effective way to decrease EU dependence on Russian energy? Importing US gas, developing indigenous shale in the EU, investing more in renewables, or some other strategy? View

Twitter Highlights: July 2014

With over 4,990 followers on Twitter and counting, we're very close to our summer goal of reaching 5,000 followers. continues to use its social media platforms to share stories relevant to transatlantic relations and to promote published member articles while engaging with the community on both sides of the Atlantic. Our July tweets cover a range of issues, from the foundations of the transatlantic partnership, to ISIS, to energy policy and European security. View

Are LNG Exports Good for America?

The US Department of Energy has 33 applications for permits to export liquefied natural gas (LNG), only seven of which have been approved. LNG exports carry economic, energy security, and environmental benefits for the US and its allies. But while the US mulls approval of the remaining 26, other nations are moving to capitalize on growth in demand for natural gas. US policymakers should thus support fast-tracking approval of the remaining permits to take advantage of these opportunities and benefits. View

Putin's Russia: No Return to Business as Usual

Although the Ukrainian crisis is now showing some signs of easing, the West will still have to continue to deal with Vladimir Putin's Russia, a state that has developed an essentially anti-western foreign policy doctrine. Germany, Russia's biggest gas customer, should not shy away from this unwanted conflict by retreating to the moral high ground. If Germans overlook the annexation of Crimea and the troubles in Ukraine, Russia will feel free to act this way again in the future. View

The EU Must Look Inside & Out to Deal with Climate Change

Two high-level ministerial events take place this week at the Bonn Climate Change Conference. The European Union should focus on change at two levels: at the global climate summit level and internally within member states. The EU must take into consideration developing countries' concerns over the issues of technology transfer and historical responsibility over burden sharing before passing its own agenda. It must also overcome divisions among its members to lead by example. View

Designing an Effective European Arctic Strategy

The promise of new shipping routes and natural resources continues to attract external players to the Arctic. While states such as Singapore have successfully acquired permanent observer status in the Arctic Council (AC), the European Union (EU) has historically been less successful in securing a voice in Arctic governance. This problem is eroding however. All Brussels has to do is play to its strengths and continue focusing on ‘small target’ goals that can be achieved through existing political structures. View

Can TTIP Live Up to its Promises?

The Friedrich-Ebert Foundation invited two opposing speakers to debate the merits of TTIP. An important point to come out of the argument was both agreed it should not be set in stone once signed. It is meant to be a living document, subject to a regulatory council, something loosely akin to the US constitution and it's Supreme Court. Businesses may not be able to shelter indefinitely behind Investor-State-Dispute-Settlement (ISDS) tribunals as some now fear; campaigns against them will simply switch forums. View

Back to Square One for TTIP: a Green Agenda for Free Trade

Dieter Janecek, the Green Party's Spokesperson for Economic Policy in the German parliament, describes an alternative TTIP agenda. A free trade agreement based on high ecological and social standards, and informed by the values the USA and the EU share in common, could have an influential impact on global trade. The interest of the common good should be a prominent part of any agreement of this kind, with as many stakeholders as possible being involved. View

The Secretary General's Annual Report 2013

NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen's Annual Report 2013 focuses on NATO's achievements in Afghanistan, Kosovo, Turkey and against piracy and the ways to ensure an efficient and capable NATO for 2014 and beyond. He concentrates on the areas of Active Engagement, Broad Partnerships and Modern Defence. His emphasis lies on fiscal constraints in Europe and how NATO can remain strong despite these conditions. View

Towards a Zero Footprint Camp

Quite apart from cost, the energy dependence of the armed forces has an impact on operational effectiveness. Alliance operations involve an increasingly complex and costly logistical organisation. Transporting large quantities of fuel also creates risks to the safety of the soldiers. Reducing the energy footprint of operations is a priority. NATO and individual Allies are working on alternative energy sources and developing multinational ‘smart energy’ projects. View

Delegates Seek Innovative Solutions at Y8 and Y20 Summit

Policy Innovation e.V. and Atlantic Community collaborated in May 2013 for a Theme Week on the Y8 and Y20 summits that would take place in June. Through Atlantic Community members' commentary on the policy papers of the German Delegation to the Y8 and Y20, Atlantic Community had the unique ability to help shape the positions of the delegation. Policy Innovation's Press-Delegate Matthias Kaspers presents an overview of the experience and recommendations yielded by the summits. View

Cyber Attacks, NATO - and Angry Birds

If any NATO country knows about cyber attacks, it's Estonia. The country suffered a high profile series of attacks on institutions across the country in spring 2007. NATO Review asked Estonia's President what the country learned from this and why he feels the area deserves more attention. President Ilves also describes how computer geeks in Estonia contribute to their country's cyber security by volunteering for the "Defense League". View

Re-energizing the Nuclear Industry after Fukushima

Reconstructing nuclear confidence in a post-Fukushima world is a long and painful process. But real-life energy demands, especially in the developing countries, predetermine a significant share of nuclear energy in their national energy consumption structure. The Russian experience in reconstructing nuclear confidence can offer some interesting solutions to decision-makers in striking a happy medium between environmental concerns and actual energy demands. View

Embracing Brazil: Transatlantic Cooperation to Confront Global Challenges

Memo 44: Atlantic Community's Theme Week on "Engaging Brazil" produced a general consensus that embracing Brazil as a transatlantic partner should be a key goal for the US and Europe. While initiatives already exist to facilitate this process, they are not being exploited to their full potential. The transatlantic partners must build on these initiatives and, in doing so, acknowledge Brazil as a valuable ally in combating global challenges. View

Draft Atlantic Memo: Engaging Brazil

Drawing on member and expert contributions to our Theme Week, held from April 2-15, the editorial team has produced a draft Atlantic Memo. The Memo outlines policy recommendations on transatlantic relations with Brazil. The final draft of the Memo, which Theme Week authors are now working on, will be sent to experts for feedback. However, there is still a chance to have your views included in the Memo, by providing your feedback in the comments section below. View

Frozen Politics in the Far North

The Arctic Council represents politics frozen in time, out of touch with both the modern world and new Arctic actors. While it remains a model of international co-operation, it ignores new interest groups. The member states must recognize the changing times or risk becoming dangerously redundant in the face of political and climatic crisis. The Council can do this by opening its doors to new observer states such as China, South Korea, and the European Union. View

Engaging Brazil: Call for Articles

We are launching our second Theme Week addressing transatlantic relations with Brazil. As a rising power with a diversified economy and a democratic government, Brazil is beginning to take on a more prominent role in international affairs. We invite our members to submit Your Opinion articles on how the transatlantic community should respond to Brazil's rise. This article provides background information on the topic and explains how you can get involved. View

The Primacy of Economic Interests

In an article for our partner IP Journal, the German Council on Foreign Relations' English language magazine, NATO's Michael Rühle argues that, as traditional security policy is superseded by economic and energy interests, we must begin to discuss the "economization of security policy." He describes what needs to be done to ensure that this commercialization of security will still allow the friendly member countries of NATO and the EU to avoid 21st century conflicts and to continue to act collectively. View

The Arctic Resource Bonanza: Risks of Off-Shore Drilling

It is projected that over the course of the 21st Century, the average global temperature will rise between 1 and 4 degrees Celsius, and be noticed especially in the Arctic. The thawing of the region will present lucrative opportunities for off-shore drilling. Ice floes and oil spills, however, present formidable challenges. Managing to understand them; this is where the Arctic Council can be instrumental in developing the adequate regulatory response. View

Security in the Sahel: Call for Articles

The editors at would like to invite you to take part in our upcoming Theme Week, on transatlantic policy in Africa. Inspired by recent events in Mali, we are specifically looking for our members to submit Your Opinion articles on how the United States and Europe should react to threats to peace and security in the Sahel region of Africa. This article will provide you with some background on the topic and explain how you can get involved. View

Top Ten Issues on the Transatlantic Agenda

What issues do you think will prove important in transatlantic relations this year? In this article, the editorial team presents our top ten topics for 2013. We identify what we think the big issues for 2013 might be, as well as where potential for transatlantic and global cooperation might lie. These ten topics will form the inspiration for some of our theme weeks and competitions over the coming months, so make sure to let us know what interests you. View

Does Ukraine Stand a Chance in TANAP?

Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov has said that his country is open to participate in the Trans-Anatolian Pipeline Consortium (TANAP). Given the political and geographical conditions of TANAP, how plausible is Ukraine’s participation and what costs would it incur? View

Iranian Oil: Out of Ideas and Out of Cash

Western sanctions are just one reason Iran’s oil industry is facing a crisis of output and sustainability. Eventually, Iran’s leaders will have to come to grips with the fact that foreign investment will be needed to prevent its imminent decline. View

Climate Change is Everyman's Problem

While deniers cite that climate change is only a rich man’s problem, in reality the issue transcends class. Both the rich and the poor, and the believers and the skeptics, will benefit from the job creation and economic boosts of promoting green technology. View

The Role of NGOs in Effectively Addressing Climate Change

Climate change is a broad concept of which global warning is just one facet. NGOs should take the lead in informing the world about the complex reality of climate change and move away from focusing exclusively on carbon emissions. View

Renewable Energy as an Incentive for Peace

The US can eliminate Iran’s incentives for developing nuclear technology without becoming militarily involved by creating an economic agreement that establishes Iran as a leader in renewable energy. Such an agreement would be less expensive than a military operation against Iran. View

From Energy Security Towards Climate Protection

Due to the finiteness of fossil fuels, the development of a low-carbon industry has become an economic necessity. A new approach to energy security that goes beyond NATO's current "safeguard foreign energy supply" is in dire need. A focus on secure energy after "the age of oil" is therefore in. View

The New Great Game in Central Asia

Managing Editor Jonathan Tepperman interviews Professor Alex Cooley on the geopolitical role of Central Asia, and how outside powers - Russia, China, and the United States - are competing for influence in the region, as the British and Russian empires did a century ago. View

Building Partnerships: Q&A with NATO's James Appathurai

Join Atlantic Community for our first Question & Answer session of 2012. NATO Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs and Security Policy James Appathurai will be taking your questions on NATO partnerships and regional initiatives, and answering in a video response. View